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7 Requirements for an In-House Servo Motor Repair Environment

7 Requirements for an In-House Servo Motor Repair Environment

It’s no secret that regular servo motor maintenance will significantly extend the life of your motors, reduce downtime, and improve overall productivity. And for manufacturers with the ability to perform (at least basic) repairs, this saves both time and money. 

However, establishing an in-house repair environment involves more than simply designating a workbench in the corner of the shop. Your workspace should be dedicated to servo motor maintenance, contain the right tools, and be configured to ensure that your servo motors are properly maintained and repaired quickly and accurately. 

Here are seven requirements for setting up an efficient servo motor maintenance and repair environment in your factory.

Space Allocation

The first step is to designate an appropriate area within your factory. Because servo motors are sensitive to dust and debris, it’s recommended that the dedicated area is clean and isolated from general factory operations to prevent contamination. Along these lines, be sure that the area is well ventilated.  Proper airflow is crucial to maintain a dust-free environment and ensure the comfort and safety of the technicians.

Finally, allocate enough space to accommodate all necessary tools and equipment, along with a supply of spare parts. The area should allow technicians to work comfortably without interference.

Read: Diagnosing Servo Motor Issues: Electrical or Mechanical?

Servo Motor Guide

Tools and Equipment

Equipping your maintenance area with the right tools and equipment is crucial. Your list of essential tools and equipment include:

  • Diagnosis and Test Tools: These items help to identify problems, ensure encoder alignment, and verify repairs. Such tools include servo motor and encoder test tools, oscilloscopes, multimeters, and signal generators for testing electrical components.
  • Hand Tools: An array of hand tools such as screwdrivers, pliers, wrenches, and torque tools for disassembly and reassembly.
  • Cleaning Equipment: Ultrasonic cleaners and brushes should be used for removing dirt and grime from motor components.
  • Testing Stations: A dedicated station should be available to test servo motors under various conditions, including winding testing and vibration analysis.
  • Lubrication Systems: Proper lubrication is vital for servo motor longevity. Ensure you have the right lubricants and dispensing equipment.
  • Storage Solutions: Organized storage for spare parts and components to maintain inventory accuracy and prevent loss or damage.

Skilled Personnel

While you don’t have to be a master mechanic to service a servo motor, your personnel should be trained accordingly. There are steps you can take to ensure you have the right team in place and that they are properly trained. Consider employing technicians with experience in electrical and mechanical systems, and when possible, look for a background in servo motor maintenance and repair.

Conduct regular training programs to keep technicians updated on the latest technologies and repair techniques. Collaborate with servo motor manufacturers or repair equipment providers to remain informed of best practices and training on their equipment.

7 Steps to Servicing a Servo Motor
Without Compromising Encoder Alignment

Maintenance Procedures

Establishing maintenance procedures ensures consistency and reliability in your repair activities. This will ensure consistency and conformity as new technicians join the repair team.

Key procedures include:

  • Preventive Maintenance Schedule: Regular inspections and servicing can prevent major breakdowns. Develop a preventive maintenance schedule based on manufacturer recommendations. 
  • Standard Operating Procedures: Create SOPs for common maintenance and repair tasks to ensure uniformity and efficiency.
  • Documentation: Maintain detailed records of all maintenance and repair activities. Capturing issues, repairs, and parts used helps to track the effectiveness of your repair team and identifies recurring problems.
  • Quality Control: Implement quality control checks at every stage of the maintenance process to ensure repairs meet the required standards.

Inventory Management

Some parts are critical. For example, spare servo motors, encoders, and bearings are three basics that should have spares on hand.  Identify such components and maintain reserve stock to avoid delays during emergencies. Effective inventory management is therefore crucial to ensure the availability of spare parts and reduce downtime. If applicable, consider employing a computerized inventory management system to track spare parts and components.


Safety is important in any maintenance and repair environment and should never be minimized. Safety measures should include:

  • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE): Ensure technicians have access to and wear gloves, safety glasses, and anti-static wristbands.
  • Safety Training: Regular safety training sessions to educate technicians on best practices and emergency procedures.
  • Emergency Protocols: Clear and accessible emergency protocols, including first aid kits and emergency contact numbers.

Continuous Improvement

Like all areas of the company, you should strive to continually enhance and refine your servo motor repair capabilities. Servo motors are constantly evolving, and your repair environment must keep pace. Implement a procedure to keep up to date with the latest advancements in servo motor technology; and incorporate new tools and techniques into your maintenance processes.

Conduct regular audits to assess the effectiveness of your maintenance procedures and identify areas for improvement. Stay informed of new equipment, techniques, and best practices, and establish a line of communication for technicians to share insights and suggestions.

Nine Steps to Reduce Servo Motor Repair Costs

A Servo Motor Investment

Setting up a servo motor maintenance and repair environment in your factory is an investment that pays off through enhanced reliability, reduced downtime, and extended equipment lifespan. A dedicated servo motor maintenance and repair environment will go a long way in supporting your factory’s operational and financial goals.

You can also download The Quick Reference Guide to Servo Motor Maintenance and Repair. Inside this in-depth guide, you’ll find insights into:

  • Diagnosing common servo issues
  • Understanding common servo error codes
  • Knowing what you can fix in-house and what needs to be sent out for repair
  • Identifying tools you’ll need to make repairs in-house
  • Learning what makes a successful repair shop

Servo Motor Guide